What are the risks of joint replacement surgery?

joint replacement surgery

Joint replacement is a way of treatment for damaged joints caused by osteoarthritis. It is recommended by the doctors in the case where medication didn’t work or physiotherapy didn’t provide any help and relief either.

In this procedure of treating damaged cartilage, the main bone is removed and the artificial joint including metal, plastic and synthetic material is implanted by the surgery. You should look for the best joint replacement surgeon in Jaipur if you are planning for this surgery.

Risk Factors of joint replacement surgery:

Like all other surgery, joint replacement surgery also includes some risk factors. This could be pain, infection, blood clot and many others.

 The possibility of the risk involved in joint replacement surgery could be:

Side effects of Anesthesia:

Anaesthesia is given to the patient to stop feeling of pain caused during surgery. The person could be given general anaesthesia in which that person will be in an unconscious state and will only wake up after surgery or the regional anaesthesia in which it will numb the area of surgery and the person will be conscious and awake during surgery.

Some side effects of general anaesthesia could be headache, drowsiness, nausea, sore throat for using breathing pipe during surgery or in some rare cases it can cause some more issues.

The side effect of regional anaesthesia could be a headache, allergy, the problem of urinating, or in some case nerve injury due to the needle which is used to given anaesthesia. In regional anaesthesia risk of severe side effect is lower than the general anaesthesia.


Another risk of joint replacement could be an infection. During any operation, open skin can allow the bacteria to let in which probably could lead to infection. Although, precautions are taken during surgery, sometimes it happens.  But a person who’s been operated on must notice some signs of infection after surgery.

These signs can be swelling, soreness, ardency, redness; fevers and more. If something like this happens, you should consult with the doctor and get the treatment to avoid any infection.


Surgery also involves the risk of bleeding. Bleeding is general to happen in and after surgery. Too much blood could be lost during the surgery and could need a transfusion. In some cases after surgery blood pooling under the skin could cause swelling.  If it happens there could be a need for another procedure to release the blood.

Blood clotting:

Surgery also has the risk of blood clotting. It is the most serious risk of joint replacement surgery. If a blood vessel is lost during surgery or the person is not active and moving for many days after surgery flow of blood could get slower and could form a blood clot. If the clot loses free it can go into the lungs and cause blockage of the blood flow and this condition could be life-threatening.

To prevent blood clots after surgery the person must keep moving the feet and wear the compression devices.

After surgery pain and swelling are the general symptoms to happen. Although, the risk of severity varies from person to person, choosing the best surgeon can reduce the risk factors.