Patella Dislocation Surgery in Jaipur
Patella dislocation occurs when the kneecap slides out of its vertical groove at the knee joint. It is usually caused by force, due to a collision, fall, or poor step. A dislocated patella is painful and will prevent you from walking, but it is easy to fix and sometimes heals on its own. looking for the patella dislocation surgery in Jaipur book an appointment with Dr. Arun Partani at Partani clinic, Jaipur.
Patella dislocation is a dislocation of the knee joint – the patella – from its groove on the knee joint. The knee joint is the union of three bones: the thigh bone, the shin bone, and the knee in the middle. Normally, when you bend and straighten your leg, the kneecap slides up and down inside a vertical groove between the lower end of the thigh bone and the upper end of the shin (trochlear groove). A network of tendons and ligaments secures the knee cap within the groove as it moves.
Most of the time, patella dislocation is a serious injury caused by force. This is called acute patella dislocation.
Causes of Patella Dislocation
There are several ways in which a kneecap can become volatile or disorganized. In many cases, the patella is displaced with too little force due to an abnormality in the structure of the child’s knee.
- Car Accident: Knee bone can slip due to any type of accident while driving a car or bike. This happens when your foot hits the dashboard strongly. Due to the sudden force due to the accident, the knee bone gets dislocated.
- Excessive Knee Bending Pressure: When an athlete is moving at high speed and has to quickly change direction with his foot, the knee joint causes a great deal of pressure. In cases where the pressure is too high, the kneecap may dislocate.
- Sports Injury: It is very rare in comparison to cars or other accidents. Because it only happens to sportsmen. If you hit another player hard on the field of play, it is possible that your knee bone may be dislocated. Turn backward there. Because of this, you may have to face problems related to dislocation of the foot bone.
- Falling from the top down: This happens all the time with runners. If he suddenly falls on the ground from above with excessive force, then his leg can get hurt. Because of this sometimes the bone of his knee can slip.
In all these circumstances, an orthopedic doctor should be contacted. Because in this state, the patient has so much pain that he is not able to tolerate it and can even faint at times.
Symptoms of Patella Dislocation
The symptoms of the dislocated knee are usually detected immediately and get worse over time. Sometimes, the knee can slip back to where it was before. However, it is painful, swollen, and most likely to be unstable.
- Feeling the kneecap shift or slide out of the groove
- Knee stiffness
- There will be severe pain in the knee area
- Instability of the knee joint
- Crackling sound when the patella is moved
- Changes in the appearance of the knee – the knee may appear misshapen or deformed
- Apprehension or fear while running or changing direction.
Risk of Patella Dislocation
- Gender- Women have been seen to be at a higher risk for knee flexion than men. It is thought that this risk may be because women have wider hips, which causes the thigh bones to tilt inward and meet the knee at a greater angle.
- Weak leg muscles – Individuals who have weak leg muscles that have imbalances in the strength of their legs can put unnecessary pressure on their knee joint, increasing the risk of patellar dislocation.
- Height – Athletes who are exceptionally tall may be at increased risk of patellar dislocation.
- Incorrectly raised or extended patella – If an athlete’s patella is misused, that person can be at increased risk of kneecapping.
- Past Injury – If a person has had a dislocated knee bone or knee injury in the past and if there is a re-injury at the same place, the matter can become more serious.
How is Patella Dislocation Treated?
- Reduction: As long as the diagnosis is clear, a knowledgeable orthopedic doctor will manually relocate the kneecap as soon as possible. This is called reduction. A patellar dislocation injury that occurs on the playground can be treated promptly by a trained doctor if there is one on-site. If you go to the emergency room, they may first give you sedatives and pain medicine. They will usually fix the joint first and then look at the X-ray.
- Imaging: the orthopedic specialist doctor will perform imaging tests to see that the kneecap has been replaced properly and to plan any additional treatments. X-rays and CT scans can help reveal any pre-existing physical conditions that may be contributing to the dislocation, as well as any additional injuries. If necessary an MRI can give more detailed information on the cartilage and ligaments. Sometimes an MRI will reveal past transient displacement that was not previously suspected.
- Surgery: If there is significant damage to the bone or knee cartilage and tendons, your healthcare provider may recommend surgery to repair it. Surgery may also be recommended if you have frequent patellar dislocations or chronic patellar instability. Repairing and strengthening the cartilage and ligaments is a preventive measure to stabilize the knee. When patellar dislocation is congenital, the joint can only be corrected through surgery.
- Address M-21, Mahesh Colony, JP Crossing Underpass, Jaipur 302015, Rajasthan, India
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- Phone 91-988-730-2501