ACL injuries are common among those playing sports. ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) is an elastic band inside the knee. When it stretches out or sheds, it gets hurt. This can happen if you turn sharply or while running or jumping, suddenly move. When your ACL is safe, it helps keep your knee’s bones intact. Even it helps to support the knee. If it gets hurt, you can find it difficult to put pressure on your knee, walk, or play sports.
If you strain or tear your ACL slightly, it will repair over time with the aid of your knee replacement surgeon and physical therapy. But if it’s broken, it can need to be replaced — particularly if you’re young and active, or an athlete who wants to continue playing sports. If you are older or less healthy, your healthcare provider may prescribe treatments that do not require surgery.
Is ACL Reconstruction Painful?
Yes, it is painful the procedure, but you will not have to bear a lot as anesthesia will be given.
Upon removal of your broken ACL, the knee replacement surgeon places a tendon in its place. (Tendons bind muscle to bone.) He can take a tendon from another part of your body (such as your knee, hamstring, or thigh). Or knee replacement surgeon may use one from a donor who had died. Both styles work well. When you put the tendon inside your knee, it is known as a graft. Your doctor will place the graft at the right place and drill two holes, called “tunnels.”
He will hit one in the bone above your knee and another in the bone beneath it. Then he is going to put screws in the tunnels and lock the graft in place. It acts as a kind of bridge through which a new ligament develops as you recover.
How To Manage Pain?
ACL is a painful surgery. You need to keep a lot of things in mind to avoid the pain. Let us have a look at the ways in which you can manage pain:
The most effective technique to adopt is R.I.C.E. Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation is an acronym for this. Icing reduces blood flow from the vessels surrounding the knee and reduces compression of the fluid resulting from the surgery. The technique has proven to be more effective and applicable immediately after ACL surgery. It helps relieve pain, promote healing, and increase mobility range in the knee.
The patient feels much discomfort after the ACL surgery when adding weight to the leg. Depending on the form of reconstructive operation, the patient must use crutches for a given period of time. Walking on the healed leg with some weight reduces atrophy, preserves proper blood circulation, and retains flexibility in the knees. Lengthening the leg with the use of a complete weight-bearing technique often helps the knee heal faster. Patients need to use walking crutches to avoid discomfort caused by knee strain by using the weight-bearing technique.
Nearly all surgeons performing ACL surgery provide the patients with a brace designed to restrict knee mobility during the recovery from the operation. In athletics, the brace may also be used to alleviate any discomfort that could be caused during intense physical activity. Bracing also avoids potential knee damage that would inflict significant pain on the knee’s operated portion. Bracing increases the outcome of ACL surgery by reducing pain and graft pressure according to the surgeons.
ACL surgery is to repair or replace the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee. To form your knee joint, the thighbone and patella (kneecap) meet. These bones then get link together by ligaments. One form of the knee ligament is your ACL. It’s a thick, fibrous band of connective tissue that stabilizes your knee. Injuries that require reconstruction or ACL replacement are common, especially among athletes. ACL Reconstruction surgery will help return the pain-free range of motion, stability, and knee joint function.
ACL surgery is a significant but straightforward operation that poses risks and possible complications. You will have fewer options for medical treatment. Before having an ACL operation, consider seeking a second opinion on all your care options.