Total Knee Replacement Surgery:
Total knee replacement surgery is a process in which an artificial material replaces the injured knee joint. In the knee replacement procedure, the doctors remove the thigh bone and replace it with metal. Along with this from the lower leg bones end, also known as the tibia. doctors also replace and remove it with a plastic piece with a metal stem in it. The parts that are added to the replaced parts are known as prosthesis.
When to get a total knee replacement?
Total knee replacement surgery is only prescribed to patients who have been injured or damaged by any destructive disease like arthritis or trauma. It is unnecessary that only because of any destructive disease, a patient should consider total knee replacement surgery. If the pain in the knee increases gradually and the increase in the stiffness also leads to the patient considering getting total knee replacement surgery.
Total knee replacement surgery recovery complications:
Total knee replacement surgery is very effective in treating arthritis and trauma and any destructive injury, but in certain cases, after the surgery, complications can occur. Complications are not necessary, and there is only about a 1 to 2 percent chance that they may happen. Today we are going to discuss those complications that may happen after total knee replacement surgery.
Wound healing problems
Even though total knee replacement surgery is successful, there is a slight chance that the wounds may not heal during recovery. This happens because of the soft tissues which are covering the knee. Wound healing problems are generally common in people who are older and or are on steroids. Also, If you are a psoriasis patient, there is a possibility that you might face this issue. If you have a wound-healing problem after the surgery, contact the surgeon immediately, and have it looked out to avoid any serious damage to the skin.
There is a probability that you may get an infection after the surgery, although the chances are very less. This is a serious complication after the total knee replacement surgery. The risk of infection after the surgery is more common in people with obesity, old age, people who have diabetes mellitus, and poor nutrition. The infection usually happens because of pathogens. This is accompanied by joint pains, fever, and wound oozing.
Restriction of movements
After the patient has gotten total knee replacement surgery, it is critical that the person may have limited motion of the joint. This can be due to improper or poor preoperative range of the movement or malrotation of the prosthesis. To cure this, the surgeon may suggest certain exercises and go to a physiotherapist. Also, the surgeon may put the person under anesthesia and provide further treatment.
Persistent pain and dissatisfaction
Even after the surgery is successful, some patients still report that they have pain in their knees, especially where the surgery was done. A high number of patients report this. Even after the surgery is complete, a certain number of patients reported that they were not satisfied with the surgery. Though the pain doesn’t need to be due to the surgery, it can be due to other reasons. Thus, doctors need to do check-ups and certain tests to know the cause of pain.
After the surgery, there is a risk that blood clots may develop, and this can even be life-threatening. If the blood clot causes a blockage to the blood flow after traveling through the bloodstream to the lungs, pulmonary embolism may occur. To decrease the chances of developing blood clots, make sure not to sit for a very long duration. Take the medications that the doctor recommends.
After the surgery, the doctors discharge the patient after observing for three to four days. If the surgery is successful, the patient still needs to come to the hospital for a check-up. The patient still requires to take different precautions to avoid any mishappening.